Sikhism: How it is different from Hinduism

Hinduism and Sikhism are two of the major religions of India.

They share many similarities, but there are also some key differences.


  • Both religions believe in karma, the law of cause and effect.
  • Both religions believe in dharma, the concept of duty, and moral conduct.
  • Both religions believe in reincarnation, the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth.
  • Both religions have a rich tradition of mythology and symbolism.
  • Both religions emphasize the importance of meditation and yoga.


  • Hinduism is a much older religion.
  • Hinduism is a polytheistic religion, while the other is a monotheistic religion.
  • Hinduism does not have a single founder, Sikhism was founded by Guru Nanak.
  • Hinduism does not have a single holy book, while Sikhism has the Guru Granth Sahib.
  • Hinduism does not have a central authority, while Sikhism is organized around the Sikh Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee.
  • Hinduism does not have a requirement for initiation, while the other requires initiation into the Khalsa Panth.


Both are two distinct religions with their own unique beliefs and practices. However, they also share many similarities, and both religions have a rich and vibrant culture.

Here is a table summarizing the key differences between Hinduism and Sikhism:

Number of godsPolytheisticMonotheistic
FounderNo single founderGuru Nanak
Holy bookVedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, etc.Guru Granth Sahib
Central authorityNo central authoritySikh Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee
InitiationNot requiredRequired for initiation into the Khalsa Panth