What is Ransomware?
Ransomware is a type of malicious software that encrypts a victim’s files and demands a ransom payment in order to decrypt them. Ransomware attacks can be devastating for businesses and individuals, as they can lead to the loss of critical data.
Attacks typically begin with a user clicking on a malicious link or attachment in an email. Once the ransomware is executed, it will begin encrypting the victim’s files. The encryption process can take several hours, and during this time the victim will not be able to access their files. Once the encryption process is complete, will display a message demanding a ransom payment. The ransom payment is typically demanded in Bitcoin or another cryptocurrency, and the amount can range from hundreds to thousands of dollars.
If the victim does not pay the ransom, will typically delete the encrypted files. In some cases, It may also steal the victim’s personal information, such as credit card numbers or Social Security numbers.
There are a few things that you can do to protect yourself from cyber-attacks:
- Be careful what you click on. Do not open emails from unknown senders or click on links in emails that you are not sure about.
- Keep your software up to date. Software updates often include security patches that can help to protect your computer from cyber-attacks.
- Use a firewall and antivirus software. A firewall can help to block unauthorized access to your computer, and antivirus software can help to detect and remove.
- Back up your data regularly. If your computer is infected with ransomware, you can restore your data from a backup.
If you think that your computer has been infected, there are a few things that you can do:
- Do not pay the ransom. There is no guarantee that the ransomware will be removed if you pay the ransom.
- Disconnect your computer from the internet. This will prevent it from spreading to other computers on your network.
- Scan your computer with antivirus software. Antivirus software may be able to remove the ransomware.
- Restore your data from a backup. If you have a backup of your data, you can restore it from the backup.
If you have been the victim of a ransomware attack, you should report the attack to the authorities. You should also report the attack to the FBI’s Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3).